Mauritius is a Small Island Developing Country which is fully integrated into the global trading system. It is an export-oriented economy with international trade (imports and exports) making up for almost 100% of GDP. As a member of COMESA and SADC, it has liberalized fully its trade for its constituent members and is currently actively engaged in the negotiations for an enlarged COMESA/SADC/EAC Tripartite FTA as well as the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). In addition, it is implementing an Interim Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU as from 14 May 2012 that provides for the elimination of tariffs on 95% of imports therefrom. Imports have also been liberalized under the Mauritius-Turkey FTA and the Mauritius-Pakistan PTA. Mauritius is currently engaged in FTA negotiations with China and a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) with India.
Technical assistance was received under the Trade Com Facility to draft the trade remedy legislation and to provide training to a pool of officials to carry out trade remedy investigations. In 2012, the technical expert advised that amendment would have to be brought to the Trade Act and has proposed the necessary Regulations to be amended.
The Trade (Anti-dumping and Countervailing Measures) Act 2010 provides for the setting up of an Investigation Authority to be headed by the Director of International Trade and comprising of officers with relevant expertise drawn from the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, the Mauritius Revenue Authority and the International Trade Division. A pool of experts has been constituted from which Investigating Officers will be selected upon receipt of applications for investigation from the Domestic Industry. A full-fledged Investigating Authority is yet to be established.
The overall objective of the assignment is to ensure full compliance of the legal framework on trade remedies in Mauritius with Multilateral, Regional and Bi-lateral Commitments, completion of the Trade Remedies legislation and the full and effective operation of the Investigating Authority.
Imani Development was contracted to provide the following services:
- Inception Phase and preparation of Inception Report;
- Drafting of Safeguards Legislation;
- Training on Usage of Safeguards Legislation:
o Development of Safeguards Training Materials;
o Drafting of a Safeguards Investigative Manual;
o Training on Safeguards for Officials;
o Drafting of Safeguards Guide for Business and a Safeguards Brochure;
- Drafting of Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Legislation;
- Training on Usage of Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Legislation:
o Development of Anti-Dumping Training Materials;
o Drafting of an Anti-Dumping Investigation Manual;
o Drafting of an Anti-Dumping Verification Manual;
o Training on Anti-Dumping and Countervailing for Officials;
o Drafting of an Anti-Dumping Guide for Business and Anti-Dumping Brochure;
- Provision of Technical Assistance to Establish the Investigating Authority:
o Assessment of institutional capacity and provision of recommendations on ideal structure and staffing of Investigative Authority;
o Capacity Building for Investigating Officers;
- Preparation of WTO Notification on Trade Remedies Legislation;
- Customisation of, and training on, Trade Remedies Software:
o Margin of Dumping;
o Margin of Injury;
o Agricultural Safeguard Volume Threshold;
- Sensitisation and Outreach to Domestic Industry;
- Participation in, and support to, Trade Remedy Investigations;
- Updating of Ministry’s Trade Remedies Website