The purpose of this assignment was to position the Secretariats/ Commission to foster Member States compliance with regional decisions.

The key objectives consisted of supporting  the REC Secretariats/Commission cooperating with the GIZ programmes to 1) identify its current legal and non-legal options for fostering Member States’ compliance with regional decisions, 2) compare the options available in the three regions and analyse which options can be utilised more or better in the future, 3) to kick-off further discussion that foster compliance of regional economic commitments and obligations in partner states. The three major deliverables required of Imani were to produce:

A Concise summary of the current instruments and methods to foster implementation of regional decisions on national level in EAC, ECOWAS and SADC  – theory and practice - Researched, analysed and wrote a concise summary of the legal (Treaty, Tribunal/Court, Protocols, etc.), non-legal (monitoring, benchmarking, peer review, private sector and civil society advocacy, the role of media, regional parliaments etc.) and institutional (structures, reporting, organisational aspects, etc.) mechanisms, instruments, procedures and processes with regard to compliance with commitments and obligations. Besides desktop research, face-to-face interviews of staff and experts from the RECs, the GIZ programmes and other interview partners on the current practice and also culture of the system were carried out.

Concise summary of compliance mechanisms of other RECs – A comparative desktop analysis including telephone interviews of at least the systems in the EU and ASEAN.

Identify good practices in supporting the implementation of regional decisions on national level – This task involved the identification of good practices through the comparative analysis between EAC, ECOWAS, SADC as well as the EU and ASEAN. Furthermore, the report highlighted what measures the secretariats/commission could take to foster compliance in the member countries and how their roles and responsibilities could be strengthened in that regard.